Church of Scientology
(Bibliography)

<http://science.gcc.edu/ reli/kemeny/ new_page_234.htm>

By Jennifer Laurin

This is part of a web site that was designed for Grove City College students enrolled in Contemporary American Religion (RELI 247) to learn how to become judicious Internet researchers and to give them an opportunity to contribute to the body of research on new religious movements.

After learning how to do research, students selected one new religious movement to research [the Church of Scientology in this case]. Each student contributed an exhaustive bibliography of books, articles, and Internet resources on his or her particular religious movement. This bibliography was assembled by Ms. Jennifer Laurin.

Note: A Table of Contents and supplemental links have been added. Links in the original have been activated but may be obsolete or broken.


Table of Contents


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BOOKS

Popular, Primary Source Books

Braddeson, Walter. Scientology for the Millions. Los Angeles: Sherbourne, 1969.

Budrys, Algis, L. Ron Hubbard, Robert Silverberg, and Dave Wolverton. L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1985.

Church of Scientology. A Description of the Scientology Religion. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1994.

Church of Scientology. Echoes of the Past: Historical Amnesia in Germany Today. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology, 1997.

——. Evidence on Religious Bona Fides and Status of the Church of Scientology. Washington: Dept. of Archives, U.S. Ministry of Public Relations, 1974.

——. Press View the FBI Raid: A Collection of Photographs and Press Covering the FBI Raid of July 8, 1977 on the Church of Scientology. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1977.

——. Religious Apartheid 1997: Continuing Official Repression of Minority Religious Rights in Germany. Washington, D.C.: Church of Scientology International, 1997.

——. Restoring and Safeguarding Religious Freedom: How to Protect Your Human Rights in Europe. Washington, D.C.: Church of Scientology International, 1997.

——. Scientology: A Religion Helping Others. Hollywood: Church of Scientology Information Service, 1978.

——. Scientology: A World Religion Emerges in the Space Age. Hollywood: Church of Scientology Information Service, Dept. of Archives, 1974.

——. Scientology: Documenting the Truth. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1978.

——. Scientology: Theology and Practice of a Contemporary Religion. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1998.

——. Scientology, Twentieth Century Religion. East Grinstead: Church of Scientology World Wide, 1972.

——. Success with Scientology. Hollywood: Church of Scientology Information Service, Dept. of Archives, 1976.

——. The Background and Ceremonies of the Church of Scientology of California, Worldwide. Los Angeles: The Church, 1970.

——. The Care and Maintenance of the Fourth Amendment: The Owner's Manual. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology, 1979.

——. The FBI, Tool of the Justice Department: A Public Report. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1978.

——. The Guardian Office of the Church of Scientology. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1979.

——. The Scientology Religion. East Grinstead: Church of Scientology, 1974.

——. The True FBI Story: A Public Service Report. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1977.

——. The Victor Gyory Story. East Grinstead: Church of Scientology, 1971.

——. What America Needs to Know About Discrimination in Germany. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology International, Human Rights Dept., 1997.

——. What is Scientology?: A Guidebook to the World's Fastest Growing Religion. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1993.

——. What is Scientology?: Based on the Works of L. Ron Hubbard. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1978.

——. What is Scientology?: The Comprehensive Reference on the World's Fastest Growing Religion. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1992.

——. With Malice Toward Some: A Documented Sampling of U.S. Government Conspiracy, Infiltration, Manipulation, 1950-1979. East Grinstead: Church of Scientology World Wide, 1979.

Foster, John Galway, Sir. Enquiry into the Practice and Effects of Scientology: Report. [linked -ed.K] London: H.M.S.O., 1971.

Hubbard, L. Ron. Advanced Procedure and Axioms. 3rd ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1974.

——. Auditors: The Most Valuable Beings on the Planet. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard Library, 2000.

——. Axioms and Logics: The Axioms of Scientology, the Prelogics, the Logics, the Axioms of Dianetics. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. Battlefield Earth: A Saga of the Year 3000. New York: St. Martin's, 1982.

——. Buckskin Brigades. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Ceremonies of the Founding Church of Scientology. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1966.

——. Child Dianetics: Dianetic Processing for Children. 6th ed. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1975.

——. Clear Body, Clear Mind: The Effective Purification Program. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1990.

——. Communicating is Fun Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1992.

——. Dianetics 1955! Phoenix: Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation, 1954.

——. Dianetics 55! 9th ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1973.

——. Dianetics and Scientology Technical Dictionary. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Dianetics Today. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California Publications Organization United States, 1975.

——. Dianetics, the Evolution of a Science. 8th ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1972.

——. Dianetics, the Modern Science of Mental Health: A Handbook of Dianetic Therapy. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. Dianetics, the Original Thesis. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1970.

——. Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1992.

——. E-meter Essentials: A Startling and Thorough Coverage of the E-meter Incorporating all Modern Developments and its Use in Assessments and Confessionals. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1988.

——. Field Staff Member Specialist: A Scientologist Hatting Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1991.

——. Grammar and Communication for Children. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1992.

——. Group Auditor's Handbook. Los Angeles: Bridge, 2001.

——. Handbook for Preclears. 8th ed. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1975.

——. Have You Lived Before This Life? Los Angeles: Bridge, 1989.

——. Have You Lived Before This Life?: A Scientific Survey: A Study of Past Lives Through Dianetic Engrams. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. How to Live Though an Executive: Communications Manual. 6th ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. How to Save Your Marriage. Copenhagen: S.P.O., 1969.

——. Hubbard Advanced Auditor Course. Academy Level IV. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Hubbard Certified Auditor Course. Academy Level II. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Hubbard Class V Graduate: Case Supervisor Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1990.

——. Hubbard Professional Auditor Course. Academy Level III. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Hubbard Professional Course Supervisor Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1996.

——. Hubbard Professional Metering Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1996.

——. Hubbard Recognized Scientologist Course. Academy Level 0. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Hubbard Trained Scientologist Course. Academy Level I. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1987.

——. Introducing the E-meter. Revised ed. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1988.

——. Introduction to Scientology Ethics. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1975.

——. L. Ron Hubbard, the Poet/Lyricist. United States: L. Ron Hubbard Library, 1995.

——. L. Ron Hubbard: The Philosopher: The Rediscovery of the Human Soul. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard Public Relations Office International, 1996.

——. Letters and Journals: Literary Correspondence. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1997.

——. Level 1 Pabs. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1968.

——. Mission Earth: The Biggest Science Fiction Dekalogy Ever Written. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1985.

——. Mission Into Time. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1973.

——. Modern Management Technology Defined: Hubbard Dictionary of Administration and Management. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1976.

——. Notes on the Lectures of L. Ron Hubbard. 6th ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1968.

——. Purification: An Illustrated Answer to Drugs. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1990.

——. Return to Tomorrow. New York: Garland, 1975.

——. Science of Survival: Prediction of Human Behavior. Los Angeles: Bridge, 2001.

——. Science of Survival: Simplified, Faster Dianetic Techniques. Wichita: Hubbard Dianetic Foundation, 1951.

——. Scientology 0-8: The Book of Basics. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1970.

——. Scientology 8-8008. 8th ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1967.

——. Scientology Abridged Dictionary. East Grinstead: Hubbard Association of Scientologists International, 1965.

——. Scientology and Dianetics: Lecture Text of the Summary Course Series. Phoenix: Scientific, 1952.

——. Scientology Ethics Specialist Course: Standard Ethics. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1998.

——. Scientology Minister Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1999.

——. Scientology, 8-80: The Discovery and Increase of Life Energy in the Genus Homo Sapiens. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1972.

——. Scientology, Control and the Mechanics of S.C.S. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. Scientology. Phoenix: Hubbard Association of Scientologists, 1952.

——. Scientology: A History of Man. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1968.

——. Scientology: A New Slant on Life. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. Scientology: Group Auditor's Handbook. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1979.

——. Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1988.

——. Scientology: What to Audit. Phoenix: Scientific, 1952.

——. Scientometric Testing. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1991.

——. Self Analysis: A Simple Self-Help Volume of Test and Processes Based on the Discoveries Contained in Dianetics. 6th ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1973.

——. Special Course in Human Evaluation. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1992.

——. Staff Status II. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1990.

——. The Auditor: From Research to Application. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard Library, 1991.

——. The Book of Case Remedies. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1991.

——. The Creation of Human Ability: A Handbook for Scientologists. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. The Dynamics of Life: An Introduction to Dianetics Discoveries. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1983.

——. The Hubbard Life Orientation Course. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1990.

——. The Invaders Plan. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1985.

——. The Management Series, 1970-1974. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1975.

——. The Organization Executive Course and Management Series. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1991.

——. The Organization Executive Course: An Encyclopedia of Scientology Policy. Illustrated. 8 vols. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1974.

——. The Phoenix Lectures. Revised ed. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1971.

——. The Problems of Work: How to Solve them and Succeed. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1983.

——. The Problems of Work: Scientology Applied to the Work-a-day World. Los Angeles: American St. Hill Organization, 1972.

——. The Research and Discovery Series: A Running Record of Research into the Mind and Life. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1994.

——. The Scientology Handbook. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1994.

——. The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1991.

——. The Volunteer Minister's Handbook. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1976.

——. Understanding the E-Meter: A Book on the Basics of How the E-Meter Works. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1988.

——. What is Scientology?: Based on the works of L. Ron Hubbard. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1978.

——. When in Doubt, Communicate: Quotations from the Works of L. Ron Hubbard. Ann Arbor: Scientology Ann Arbor, 1969.

Kaufman, Robert. Inside Scientology: How I Joined Scientology and Became Superhuman. [linked -ed.K] New York: Olympia, 1972.

Littler, June D. The Church of Scientology and L. Ron Hubbard. New York: Garland, 1992.

Malko, George. Scientology: The Now Religion. New York: Delacorte, 1970.

O'Brien, Helen E. Dianetics in Limbo: A Documentary About Immortality. Philadelphia: Whitmore: 1966.

Pool, Cass. The Second Dynamic: Introduction to Scientology Ethics. Portland: Heron Books, 1981.

Rolph, C. H. Believe What you Like: What Happened Between the Scientologists and the National Association for Mental Health. London: Deutsch, 1973.

Samuels, Jim. The Official Handbook for Ex-Scientologists. Hillsboro: Mentat School, 1980.

The Character of Scientology. East Grinstead: Dept. of Publications World Wide, 1968.

Vosper, Cyril. The Mind Benders. [linked -ed.K] London: Spearman, 1971.

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Scholarly, Secondary Source Books

De Mille, Richard. Introduction to Scientology: An Introductory Survey and Evaluation of Thirty Year's Work in the Field of Human Thought. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: Sequoia Univ. of California, 1953.

Grolier Educational Firm. U.S.A. Sixties. Danbury: Grolier Educational, 2001.

Hankins, Barry, and Derek Davis. New Religious Movements and Religious Liberty in America. Waco: J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies and Baylor University, 2002.

Lamont, Stewart. Religion Inc.: The Church of Scientology. London: Harrap, 1986.

Melton, J. Gordon, and Robert L. Moore. The Cult Experience: Responding to the New Religious Pluralism. New York: Pilgrim Press, 1982.

Melton, J. Gordon [linked -ed.K]. American Religious Creeds. New York: Triumph Books, 1988.

——. The Church of Scientology. Salt Lake City: Signature Books in co-operation with CESNUR, 2000.

Nordenholz, Anastasius. Scientology: Science of the Constitution and Usefulness of Knowledge. Munich: Freie Zone e.V., 1995.

Pechner, Tal. Ethnic Cleansing in Germany: A Symposium. Washington, D.C.: Freedom for Religions in Germany, 1997.

Wallis, Roy. The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis of Scientology. [linked -ed.K] New York: Columbia University, 1977.

Whitehead, Harriet. Renunciation and Reformulation: A Study of Conversion in an American Sect. thaca: Cornell University, 1987.

——. What does Scientology Auditing Do? Chicago: University of Chicago, 1975.

Winter, J.A.. A Doctor's Report on Dianetics: Theory and Therapy. New York: Julian, 1951.

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Popular, Secondary Source Books

Atack, Jon. A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology, Dianetics, and L. Ron Hubbard Exposed. [linked -ed.K] New York: Carol, 1990.

Bednarowski, Mary Farrell. New Religions and the Theological Imagination in America. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1989.

Burroughs, William S. Ali's Smile: Naked Scientology. 2nd ed. Bonn: Expanded Media Editions, 1985.

Christian Science Publishing Society. Human Rights: A Higher View. Boston: Christian Science, 1994.

Church of the New Faith. Whatever Happened to Adelaide?: A Report on the Select Committee on the Scientology (Prohibition) Act to the Government and people of South Australia. Adelaide: Church of the New Faith, 1973.

Corydon, Bent. L. Ron Hubbard, Messiah or Madman? Secaucus: L. Stuart, 1987.

Dalton, David R. Two Disparate Philosophies: The Scientologists Versus NAMH. New York: Regency, 1973.

Evenhouse, Bill. Sects and Cults with Non-Christian Roots. Revised ed. Grand Rapids: CRC, 1990.

Garrison, Omar V. Playing Dirty: The Secret War Against Beliefs. Los Angeles: Ralston-Pilot, 1980.

——. The Hidden Story of Scientology. Secaucus: Citadel, 1974.

Horner, Jack F. Fundamentals of Scientology. Johannesburg: Static, 1956.

——. Summary of Scientology. London: Hubbard Association of Scientologists, 1956.

L. Ron Hubbard, Adventurer/Explorer: Daring Deeds and unknown Realms. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard Library, 1996.

L. Ron Hubbard, The Humanitarian: Education. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard Library, 1996.

L. Ron Hubbard: A Profile. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard library, 1995.

L. Ron Hubbard: Images of a Lifetime: A Photographic Biography. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1996.

L. Ron Hubbard: The Artist, Art and Philosophy of Art. Los Angeles: L. Ron Hubbard Library, 1998.

Maynard, Len, and Victor. Creative Learning, A Scientological Experiment in Schools. London: Scientology Publications, 1955.

McGowan, Harold. The Thoughtron Theory of Life and Matter: How it Relates to Scientology and Transcendental Meditation. New York: Exposition, 1973.

Meldal-Johnsen, Trevor. The Truth About Scientology. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1980.

Miller, Russell. Bare-Faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard. [linked -ed.K] London: M. Joseph, 1987.

Moos, Kaj. A Chronological View of L. Ron Hubbard and Scientology. Silkeborg, Denmark: Havmaagen/Seagull Production, 1995.

New Zealand Commission of Inquiry into the Hubbard Scientology Organisation in New Zealand. Hubbard Scientology Organisation in New Zealand and any Associated Scientology Organisation or Bodies in New Zealand: Report of the Commission of Inquiry. Wellington: A.R. Shearer, 1969.

Scientology, the Other Case. Perth: Church of Scientology, 1972.

Scientology: Church of Controversy. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California, 1978.

Sharpe, Reg. This is Life: An Introduction to Scientology. East Grindstead: Hubbard Communications Office, 1961.

The Background, Ministry, Ceremonies and Sermons of the Scientology Religion. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1999.

Victoria, Australia. Board of Inquiry into Scientology. Report. [linked -ed.K] Melbourne: A.C. Brooks, 1965.

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ARTICLES

Primary and Popular

California Association of Dianetic Auditors. Journal of the Dianetic Sciences, 1961.

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Scholarly, Secondary Source Articles

Bainbridge, William Sims, and Rodney Stark. "Networks of Faith: Interpersonal Bonds and Recruitment to Cults and Sects." American Journal of Sociology 85 (1980): 137-139.

——. "Scientology: To be Perfectly Clear." Sociological Analysis 41 (1980): 128-136.

Bainbridge, William Sims. "The Religious Ecology of Deviance." American Sociological Review 54 (1989): 288-295.

——. "Science and Religion: The Case of Scientology." In Future of New Religious Movements Macon: Mercer University, 1987. 59-79.

——. "Cultural Genetics." In Religious Movements New York: Paragon House, 1985. 157-198.

Barker, Eileen. "Religious Movements: Cult and Anticult Since Jonestown." Annual Review of Sociology 12 (1986): 329-346.

Bednarowski, Mary Farrell. "The Church of Scientology: Lightning Rod for Cultural Boundary Conflicts." In Americas Alternative Religions. Ed. Timothy Miller. Albany: State University of New York, 1995. 385-392.

Berger, Albert I. "Towards a Science of the Nuclear Mind: Science-Fiction Origins of Dianetics." Science-Fiction Studies 16 (1989): 123-44.

Beyer, Peter. "Scientology: A New Religion of Power." Sociological Analysis 47 (1987): 360-361.

Boston, G. Robert. "The IRS and the E-meter Shuffle: A Scientology Case at the Supreme Court." Church and State 42 (1989): 30-32, 34.

Boyle, James. "The First Amendment and Cyberspace: The Clinton Years." Law and Contemporary Problems 63 (2000): 337-351.

Campbell, Bruce. "A Typology of Cults." Sociological Analysis 39 (1978): 228-240.

Catton, William R., Jr. "What Kind of People Does a Religious Cult Attract?" American Sociological Review 22 (1957): 561-566.

Clarke, Peter B. "The Cultural Impact of New Religions in Latin and Central America and the Caribbean with Special Reference to Japanese New Religions." Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies 4 (1995): 117-125.

"Cultural Origins of New Age Cults." Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 10 (1998): 31-48.

Dawson, Lorne L. "Anti-modernism, Modernism, and Postmodernism: Struggling with the Cultural Significance of New Religious Movements." Sociology of Religion 62 (1998): 131-156.

Dick, Anthony, and Thomas Robbins. "The Sociology of Contemporary Religious Movements." Annual Review of Sociology 5 (1979): 75-89.

Ekland-Olson, Sheldon, David A. Snow, and Louis A. Zurcher. "Social Networks and Social Movements: A Microstructural." American Sociological Review 45 (1980): 787-801.

Evans, Christopher Francis. "Scientology." Humanist 34 (1974): 16-19.

Flinn, Frank K. "Scientology as Technological Buddhism." In Alternatives to American Mainline Churches New York: Rose of Sharon, 1983. 89-110.

Froese, Paul, and Steven Pfaff. "Replete and Desolate Markets: Poland, East Germany, and the New Religious Paradigm." Social Forces 80 (2001): 481-507.

Gaustad, Edwin S., Darline Miller, and G. Allison Stokes. "Religion in America." American Quarterly 31 (1979): 250-283.

Hall, Deana. "Managing to Recruit: Religious Conversion in the Workplace." Sociology of Religion 59 (1998): 393-410.

Harper, Charles L. "Cults and Communities: The Community Interfaces of Three Marginal Religious Movements." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 21 (1982): 26-38.

Heard, Steven R. "The Church of Scientology." In Religious Discrimination Washington, DC: US Commission on Civil Rights, 1980. 199-208.

Iannaccone, Laurence R. "A Formal Model of Church and Sect." American Journal of Sociology 94 (1988): S241-S268.

Introvigne, Massimo. "Religion as Claim: Social and Legal Controversies." In Pragmatics of Defining Religion Leiden: EJ Brill, 1999. 41-72.

Jacobsen, Jeff, and Jim Lippard. "Scientology v. the Internet: Free Speech & Copyright Infringement on the Information Super-Highway." Skeptic 3 (1995): 35-40.

Johansen, Robin B. "Government Characterization of Church Activity: Religious versus Secular." In Ecumenical Perspectives on Church and State. Waco: JM Dawson Institution of Church-State Studies, 1988. 111-121.

Johnson, Benton. "A Sociologist of Religion Looks at the Future of New Religious Movements." In Future of New Religious Movements Macon: Mercer University, 1987. 251-260.

Kaplan, Jeffrey. "The Fall of the Wall." Nova Religio 1 (1997): 139-149.

Kent, Stephen A. "The Creation of Religious Scientology." [linked -ed.K] Religious Studies and Theology 18 (1999): 97-126.

——. "The Globalization of Scientology: Influence, Control and Opposition in Transnational Markets." Religion 29 (1999): 147-169.

Kyle, Richard. "The Church of Scientology." In The Religious Fringe: A History of Alternative Religions in America Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993. 303-312.

LeBlanc, Doug. "Scientology Fights Its Own World War." Christian Research Journal 20 (1997): 5-7, 47.

Lindholm, Charles. "Charisma, Crowd Psychology and Altered States of Consciousness." Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 16 (1992): 287-310.

Martin, Daniel E. "Brought into the Fold: Scientology as a Case Study on Influence and Persuasion in Religion." Skeptic 8 (2000): 56-59.

Meldgaard, Helle. "Scientologys Religious Roots." Studia Missionalia 41 (1992): 169-185.

Melton, J. Gordon. [linked -ed.K] "Church of Scientology." In Encyclopedia of American Religions 6th ed. Detroit: Gale Research, 1999. 722-724.

——. "The Church of Scientology." In The Encyclopedic Handbook of Cults in America New York: Garland, 1986. 128-134.

Morth , Ingo. "Elements of Religious Meaning in Science-Fiction Literature." Social Compass 34 (1987): 87.

Peckham, Michael. "New Dimensions of Social Movement/Countermovement Interaction: The Case of Scientology and its Internet Critics." Canadian Journal of Sociology 23 (1998): 317-348.

Peterson, Richard A. "Revitalizing the Culture Concept." Annual Review of Sociology 5 (1979): 137-166.

"Religion in Modernity as a New Axial Age: Secularization or New Religious Forms?" Sociology of Religion 60 (1999): 303-333.

Richardson, James T., and Barend Van-Driel. "Public Support for Anti-Cult Legislation." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1 (1984): 412-418.

Robbins, Thomas. "Profits for Prophets: Legitimate and Illegitimate Economic Practices in New Religious Movements." Money and Power in the New Religions 5 (1988): 69-116.

Roof, Wade Clark. "Scientology, Church of." In Contemporary American Religion vol. 2. New York: McMillian, 2000. 648-650.

Ross, Michael W. "Effects of Membership in Scientology on Personality: An Exploratory Study." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 27 (1988): 630-636.

Stone, Donald. "New Religious Consciousness and Personal Religious Experience." Sociological Analysis 39 (1978): 123-134.

Straus, Roger. "Scientology Ethics: Deviance, Identity and Social Control in a Cult-Like Social World." Symbolic Interaction 9 (1986): 67-82.

Swatos, William H., Jr.. "Religion, Secularization, and Social Process." New England Sociologist 5 (1984): 95-112.

"Text of US Supreme Court Decision: Hernandez v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue." Journal of Church and State 32 (1990): 230-247.

Wallis, Roy. "A Comparative Analysis of Problems and Processes of Change in Two Manipulationist Movements: Christian Science and Scientology." In Contemporary Metamorphosis of Religion. Lille, France: Edition du Sectariat CISR, 1973. 407-422.

——. "Hostage to Fortune: Thoughts on the Future of Scientology and the Children of God." In The Future of New Religious Movements. Macon: Mercer University, 1987. 59-79.

——. "Societal Reaction to Scientology: A Study in the Sociology of Deviant Religion." In Sectarianism. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1975. 86-116.

——. "The Sectarianism of Scientology." In Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain. London: SCM Press, 1973. 136-155.

Weldon, John F. "Sampling of the New Religions: Four Groups Described." International Review of Mission 67 (1978): 407-426.

——. "Scientology: From Science Fiction to Space-Age Religion." Christian Research Journal 16 (1993): 20-23, 32-36.

Westley, Frances R. "Merger and Separation: Autistic Symbolism in New Religious Movements." Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology 5 (1982): 137-154.

Whitehead, Harriet. "Reasonably Fantastic: Some Perspectives on Scientology, Science Fiction, and Occultism." In Religious Movements in Contemporary America. Princeton: Princeton University, 1974. 547-587.

Wilson, Bryan R. "The New Religions: Some Preliminary Considerations." In International Conference on Sociology of Religion. Tokyo: Organizing Committee for Tokyo Meeting of CISR, 1978. 112-130.

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Popular, Secondary Source Articles

"A German Eye on Scientology." The Economist, 1 Feb. 1997: 50.

"A New Genre for L. Ron Hubbard." Update, 4 Dec 1982: 45-46.

Allen, Mike. "Dissidents on Computer Rile Scientology." New York Times, 14 Aug. 1995: A7.

——. "Scientology's Expensive Wisdom Now Comes Free." New York Times, 20 Aug. 1995: 2.

"Award is Weighed in Case Involving Church, Internet." Wall Street Journal, 22 Jan. 1996, eastern ed.: B3.

Barack, Lauren. "Mad Scientologists Warn Google Its Cruisin for Bruise." The New York Post, 22 Mar. 2002: O37.

"Bavaria Asks Disclosure of Scientology Ties." New York Times, 30 Oct. 1996: A6.

Behar, Richard. "Scientology: A Dangerous Cult Goes Mainstream." Readers Digest, Oct. 1991: 87-92.

——. "The Prophet and Profits of Scientology." Forbes, 27 Oct. 1986: 314-316.

——. "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power." [linked -ed.K] Time, 6 May 1991: 50-57.

"Bonn to Press Scientologists." New York Times, 20 June 1998: A4.

"Britain has Lifted its 12-year-old Ban on the Entry of Scientologists." Christianity Today, 5 Sep. 1980: 70.

Brooke, James. "Scientologists Lose a Battle in Cyberspace." New York Times, 14 Sep. 1995: B14.

Charity, Arthur. "Villa Gesu will House Teachers of Group with Scientology Link." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 21 Mar. 2002, Thursday Five Star Lift ed.: 4.

"Church Case Hears of Man Making Noisy Investigation of Plaintiff." The Irish Times, 5 Feb. 2003, city ed.: 4.

"Church Pressed Woman to Sell Shop, Court Told." The Irish Times, 6 Dec. 2002, city ed.: 4.

Clapp, Rodney, and Ronald M. Enroth. "Did Two Scientologist Spies Come in from the Cold?" Christianity Today, 17 Sep. 1982: 32-35.

Collins, Lesley. "Land Swap with Scientologists Likely." The Tampa Tribune, 22 June 2001, final ed.: 2.

Combe, Victoria. "A Church for Celebrities, but What About Me?" The Daily Telegraph, 23 Mar. 2001: 22.

"Copyright is Now Truly a Grave Issue." U.S. News & World Report, 5 Mar. 1990: 15.

"Court Refuses Case Over Quoting from Unpublished Works." Editor & Publisher, the Fourth Estate, 10 Mar. 1990: 18.

Cowell, Alan. "Germany Will Place Scientology Under nationwide Surveillance." New York Times, 7 June 1997: 1.

——. "The Test of German Tolerance." New York Times, 15 Sep. 1996: E6.

——. "Scientology Rally in Germany Sparsely Attended." New York Times, 28 Oct. 1997: A11.

"Deal between IRS, Scientology Revealed." Christian Century, 1998: 256.

Dekker, Diana. "The Art of Scientology." The Dominion Post, 1 Mar. 2003: 4.

"Deprogrammer Ted Patrick was Indicted on Kidnapping Charges Last Month." Christianity Today, 25 Jan. 1980: 41.

Duddy, Neil T. "New Religions in Europe." Update, 2 June 1984: 3-61.

Duddy, Neil T., and Ronald M. Enroth. "Legitimation Processes in some New Religions." Update, 3 Sep. 1983: 42-54.

"Entering and Breaking." Update, 3 Sep. 1983: 58-59.

"Faith-Based Favoritism." American Prospect 12 (2001): 32-33.

Falsani, Cathleen. "Scientologists Ready to Help When Needed." Chicago Sun-Times, 5 July 2002, news special ed.: 37.

Farley, Robert. "Man's Film a Veiled Look at Scientology." St. Petersburg Times, 2 Aug. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1A.

——. "Scientologists Establish Missions in their Back Yard." St. Petersburg Times, 1 Mar. 2003, South Pinellas ed.: 1A.

Fields, Howard. "High Court Refuses Holt Appeal on Hubbard Bio." Publisher's Weekly, 9 Mar. 1990: 10.

Fleming, Charles, and Kenneth Woodward. "Scientology in the Schools: Is L. Ron Hubbard's Morals Text Harmless?" Newsweek, 14 June 1993: 76-77.

Frankel, Alex C., and James Gorman. "Seven Facts." New York Times Magazine, 30 Apr. 1995: 14.

Frantz, Douglas. "$12.5 Million Deal with I.R.S. Lifted Cloud Over Scientologists." New York Times, 31 Dec. 1997: A1.

——. "An Ultra-Aggressive Use of Investigators and the Courts." New York Times, 9 Mar. 1997: 31.

——. "Boston Man in Costly Fight with Scientology." New York Times, 21 Dec. 1997: 24.

——. "Florida Drops Charges Against Scientology in 1995 Death." New York Times, 13 June 2000: A24.

——. "Religion's Search for a Home Base." New York Times, 1 Dec. 1997: A16.

——. "Scientology Denies an Account of an Impromptu I.R.S. Meeting." [linked -ed.K] New York Times, 19 Mar. 1997: A18.

——. "Scientology's Puzzling Journey from Tax Rebel to Tax Exempt." New York Times, 9 Mar. 1997: 1.

——. "Scientologys Star Roster Enhances Image." New York Times, 13 Feb. 1998: A1.

——. "Tax Agency Hints at Inquiry on Leak on Scientologists." New York Times, 1 Jan 1998: A13.

Gallagher, David F. "New Economy: A Copyright Dispute with the Church of Scientology is Forcing Google to do Some Creative Linking." The New York Times, 22 Apr. 2002, late ed.: C4.

"German Official Vows to Expel Scientologists." Christian Century, 6 Mar. 1996: 257-258.

"Germany is Focus of Scientology Dispute." Christian Century, 1997: 123-124.

"Germany to Explain Stance on Scientology." New York Times, 13 Nov. 1997: A12.

"Germany's Mental Fight." New Statesman, 1 Nov. 1996: 26-27.

Gregoire, Natashia. "Scientologists Open Hotel Doors to Community." The Tampa Tribune, 3 Feb. 2002, final ed.: 1.

Headrick, Christina. "A Few Neighborhoods Tip Tight Contest." St. Petersburg Times, 15 Mar. 2001: 1.

Henley, Jon. "France Places Scientology Sect on Trial." The Guardian, 21 Feb. 2002: 16.

Holland, Gale. "Unfair Game." LA Weekly, 22 June 2001: 19.

Hopkins, Joseph M. "Is L. Ron Hubbard Dead?" Christianity Today, 18 Feb. 1983: 30-32.

——. "Scientology: Religion or Racket?" Christianity Today, 21 Nov. 1969: 10-13.

"Hubbard's Good Works." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 31 May 2002, sooner ed.: 43.

"In Dry Dock." Update, 1 Mar. 1983: 43-46.

"IRS Ends Dispute with Scientologists and Grants Church Charity Status." Chronicle of Philanthropy, 19 Oct. 1993: 32.

"IRS Ruling on Scientology Church May Show Willingness to Cooperate." Chronicle of Philanthropy, 2 Nov. 1993: 58.

"IRS, Scientologists Reach Settlement." Christian Century, 3 Nov. 1993: 1083.

James, Haydn, and Councillor Jim Whorwood. "Church of Scientology: Stars Who Preach the Church's Gospel." Sunday Mercury, 5 Aug. 2001: 8.

Jarvis, Michael T. "Snapshots from the Center of the Universe: Stranger than Paradise." Los Angeles Times, 5 Jan. 2003, home ed.: 5.

Juarez, Vanessa. "House of Worship." Austin American Statesman, 15 Dec. 2001: D2.

Kelly, Sara. "A Night of Engrams and Clears." Salon.com, 3 Apr. 2002: 1.

"L. Ron Hubbard Inside the Great Wall." Publishers Weekly, 28 Apr. 1989: 36.

Labaton, Stephen. "Scientologists Granted Tax Exemption by the U.S." New York Times, 14 Oct. 1993: A1.

Levesque, William R. "Scientology Critic Sues Over Movie." St. Petersburg Times, 9 Nov. 2002: 1.

Lewis, Peter H. "Behind an Internet Message Service's Close." New York Times, 6 Sep. 1996: D2.

——. "Posting Matter from Church on Internet is Ruled Illegal." New York Times, 20 Jan. 1996: 37.

"Loss of Scientology Files Studied." New York Times, 9 Sep. 1999: A13.

"Marshals Seize Computer Files of Man Sued by Scientologists." New York Times, 13 Aug. 1995: 22.

McEnroe, Juno. "Members of Sect Posed as Health Workers then Bombarded Campus with Calls in Pamphlet Ploy." Sunday Mirror, 8 Dec. 2002: 4-5.

Muir, Hugh. "Mayor Bans Scientology Anti-Drug Rally." The Evening Standard, 31 Aug. 2001: 2.

"My Brush with Sinister World of Scientology." Sunday Mercury, 5 Aug. 2001: 8.

"My Ways are not Your Ways." Update, 4 Dec. 1983: 29-30.

Nathan, Paul. "Uncontroversial Hubbard." Publishers Weekly, 18 Sep. 1995: 24.

Nelson, Marcia Z. "Scientology: Keeper of Hubbard's Flame." Publishers Weekly, 26 Mar. 2001: S20.

"New Cult Offers Nirvana at a Price." The Economic Times, 21 Nov. 2002: 1.

"New Era Wins Pre-Pub Review of Hubbard Bio." Publisher's Weekly, 11 Aug. 1989: 332.

"Newspaper Editor Wins Leo Ryan Award for Exposing Scientology-Narconon Connection." Areopagus: A Living Encounter with Todays Religious World, 2 Nov. 1992: 39-40.

"Nine Scientologists were Sentenced to Jail Last Month for Their Roles in a Conspiracy." Christianity Today, 4 Jan. 1980: 64.

"Not so Clear in Clearwater." Christianity Today, 27 Feb. 1976: 41-42.

O'Higgins, Kevin. "Giant Inflatable Subs for Author on Book Promotion Tour." Marketing News, 23 Nov. 1984: 15.

O'Neil, Deborah. "Church Loads Up for One Last Fight." St. Petersburg Times, 9 Dec. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Church Pays Those it Reviled." St. Petersburg Times, 11 Mar. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Church Targets Lawsuit Attorney." St. Petersburg Times, 29 Apr. 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "How Scientology Turned its Biggest Critic." St. Petersburg Times, 7 July 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 1A.

——. "Man Spent Millions Fighting Scientology." St. Petersburg Times, 18 May 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Sale Paved in Controversy." St. Petersburg Times, 20 Apr. 2001, North Pinellas ed.: 1A.

——. "Scientologist Merchants can Bar Critics." St. Petersburg Times, 23 Sep. 2001: 1.

——. "Scientology Critic Won't Face Retrial." St. Petersburg Times, 26 May 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Scientology Critics Get Engraved Bricks." St. Petersburg Times, 26 Apr. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Scientology Critics to Decamp." St. Petersburg Times, 3 Nov. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Scientology Foes Bitterly Split." St. Petersburg Times, 20 Apr. 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 1B.

——. "Scientology Foes Continue Rancor." St. Petersburg Times, 1 May 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 3B.

——. "Scientology Hearing Plods Along." St. Petersburg Times, 11 June 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 3B.

——. "Scientology in Sermon Raises Eyebrows." St. Petersburg Times, 8 Sept. 2001: 1.

——. "Scientology Reaches out to Troubled with Ad Campaign." St. Petersburg Times, 8 Feb. 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 1A.

——. "Scientology Turncoat Taken to Task." St. Petersburg Times, 13 June 2002, South Pinellas ed.: 3B.

——. "Scientology's Flag Building." St. Petersburg Times, 28 July 2002: 1.

Ortega, Tony. "Sympathy for the Devil: Tory Bezazian was a Veteran Scientologist who Loved Going After Church Critics." New Times Los Angeles, 27 Sep. 2001: 1.

"Party's Ouster of Scientology Decried." Christianity Today, 3 Mar. 1997: 68.

Persall, Steve. "Real Problems with a Fictional Movie." St. Petersburg Times, 24 Aug. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 1D.

"Police Work for Scientology." St. Petersburg Times, 22 Mar. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 14A.

Prendergast, Alan. "A Click in Time Saves Minds: The Cyber-brawl Over Scientology Spreads to Search Engines." Denver Westward, 4 Oct. 2001.

——. "Follow that Story Eighty-Six Million Dimes." Denver Westword, 16 May 2002.

Rabey, Steve, and Jody Veenker. "Building Scientopolis: How Scientology Remade Clearwater, Florida and what Local Christians Learned in the Process." Christianity Today, 2000: 90-99.

Reid, Calvin. "Judge Blocks Hubbard Bio: Carol to Issue Amended Version." Publishers Weekly, 16 Feb. 1990: 17.

"Religion, Good and Bad." The Economist, 11 Apr. 1998: 14.

Ressner, Jeffrey. "Is it Science Fiction or is it Scientology?" Time, 28 Dec. 1998: 48.

Reuter, Madalynne. "Court Reverses Fair Use Ruling on Hubbard Bio." Publishers Weekly, 15 June 1990: 13-4.

——. "Court Splits Over Fair Use Language in Hubbard Case." Publishers Weekly, 22 Sep. 1989: 10.

——. "Salinger Haunts Ruling on Hubbard Biography." Publishers Weekly, 12 May 1989: 102.

Rich, Frank. "Show Me the Money." New York Times, 25 Jan. 1997: 23.

——. "Who Can Stand Up?" New York Times, 16 Mar. 1997: 15.

Rowan, David. "David Rowan on a Net Gag for Scientology Critics." The Times, 1 Oct. 2002: 16.

Schwartz, Lita Linzer. "Leaving the Cults." Update, 4 Dec. 1985: 3-10.

"Scientologists Lose Case Against Germany." New York Times, 10 Apr. 1997: A6.

"Scientologists Sue Critics." Christianity Today, 8 Feb. 1993: 53-56.

"Scientologists Win in Copyright Case." Christian Century, 13 Mar. 1996: 287.

"Scientology Arm Charged in Womans Death." Christian Century, 1998: 1138-1139.

"Scientology Case Woman Tells of Abortion Confession." The Irish Times, 5 Dec. 2002, city ed.: 4.

"Scientology Church Moves to Milwaukee." Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 1 June 2002, final ed.: 05B.

"Scientology has been Recognized as a Religion in France." Christianity Today, 2 May 1980: 58.

"Scientology Hearings." Christian Century, 2 June 1982: 657.

"Scientology Joins the Boy Scouts." Skeptic, 1995: 13.

"Scientology Libel Lawsuit Against Time is Dismissed." Wall Street Journal, 17 July 1996, eastern ed.: B5.

"Scientology Membership Tactics on Trial." The Weekend Australian, 23 Feb. 2002: 15.

"Scientology Sues Cult Watchers." Christianity Today, 9 Mar. 1992: 60.

"Scientology Sues IRS." Christian Century, 11 Apr. 1991: 800-801.

"Scientology Tries to Move Forward Despite Attacks." St. Petersburg Times, 7 June 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 17A.

"Scientology: Matters of Law." Christianity Today, 5 May 1978: 46-47.

"Scientology: News from on High." Update, 1 Mar. 1984: 31-32.

"Scientology: What do the Records Reveal?" Christianity Today, 19 May 1978: 60-62.

"Scientology's Profits." Christian Century, 26 Sep. 1984: 865.

See, Lisa. "Onward & Upward with L. Ron Hubbard." Publishers Weekly, 1 Mar. 1985: 32.

Shabad, Steven. "Dissecting Dianetics." World Press Review, Sep. 1993: 36.

"(Shaky) Federal Case Against Scientology." Christianity Today, 12 Aug. 1977: 32-33.

Sharpe, Rochelle. "How Allstate Applied Scientology Methods to Train Its Managers: Led by a Church Member, Classes Elevated Profits Above Reasonableness." Wall Street Journal, 22 Mar. 1995: A1.

Smith, Norman Erik. "The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis of Scientology." Urban Life, July 1980: 242-243.

Sommer, David. "Attorney May Contribute in Scientology Lawsuit." The Tampa Tribune, 15 Jan. 2003, final ed.: 3.

"Status of Scientology." Christian Century, 24 Apr. 1991: 455.

Sutton, Candace. "We Can Tell You All About Scientology—Just Don't Ask About James." Sun Herald, 5 Jan. 2003: 34.

"The Scientology Problem." Wall Street Journal, 25 Mar. 1997, eastern ed.: A18.

"The Secrets of the Universe." Wall Street Journal, 24 Feb. 1998, eastern ed.: A22.

"Time and Scientology both Free to Abuse People." Lewiston Morning Tribune, 11 Oct. 2001: 10A.

"Time Magazine Sued." Christian Century, 13 May 1992: 512.

Todd, David. "A Defeat for Scientology." Macleans, 14 Dec. 1987: 54.

"U.N. Derides Scientologist's Charges About German Persecution." New York Times, 2 Apr. 1998: A6.

"U.S. Said to Step Up Criticism of Germany's Scientology." New York Times, 27 Jan. 1997: A4.

Waldman, Amy. "Religious Leader Takes His Calling to Ground Zero." The New York Times, 20 Sep. 2001: A22.

Wallis, Roy. "Religious Sects and the Fear of Publicity." News Society, 7 June 1973: 545-547.

——. "Scientology: Therapeutic Cult to Religious Sect." Sociology, Jan 1975: 89-100.

Walls, Jeannette. "How Much for a Bikini Wax?" Esquire, Apr. 1994: 32.

Whitney, Craig R. "Officials in Germany Denounce Sect as a Menace to Democracy." New York Times, 13 Oct. 1994: A4.

——. "Scientology and its German Foes: A Bitter Conflict." New York Times, 7 Nov. 1994: A12.

"Why Subject Scientology to Discrimination?" St. Petersburg Times, 28 Mar. 2001, South Pinellas ed.: 17A.

Williams, Grant. "Church of Scientology wins Round in Supreme Court Over Taped Conversations in Struggle with IRS." Chronicle of Philanthropy, 26 Jan. 1993: 39.

——. "Court Says IRS Must Pay Fees to Church of Scientology." Chronicles of Philanthropy, 6 Apr 1993: 39.

——. "IRS Loses Latest Round in Battle with Scientologists." Chronicle of Philanthropy, 3 Nov. 1992: 54.

"Woman Says Her Sister was Changed by Scientology." The Irish Times, 30 Jan. 2003, city ed.: 4.

Wood, Daniel B. "Textbooks by Religious Figure Incite Church-State Row." Christian Science Monitor, 4 Aug. 1997: 3.

Young, Robert Vaughn. "How to Fool the Press." Quill, Nov. 1993: 41.

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COMPUTER RESOURCES

Popular Primary Sources by Scientology

(Official) websites by Scientology. Includes information about the organization, its location, leaders, beliefs, practices, and activities

"Church of Scientology International Presents Effective Drug Solutions"
The Church of Scientology International has created this web site, featuring an on-line copy of the booklet Freeing Society from Drugs. This website shows how Scientology can help fight drugs.
<http:// www.drugsalvage.org/>
"Church of Scientology Official Website"
The official website of the Church of Scientology.
<http:// www.scientology.net/ en_US/ index.html>
"Freedom Magazine"
This site, published by the Church of Scientology, tells how freedom is something that must be protected, and shows how Scientology can help bring freedom and protect human civil rights.
<http:// www.freedommag.org/>
"Helping Children"
This church-sponsored site gives ideas for raising children, as well as offering materials to parents which will give them the skills needed to raise good children in a corrupt world.
<http://www.correctscientology.org/>
"L. Ron Hubbard Media Resources"
This site, sponsored by the Church of Scientology, includes recent news items related to L. Ron Hubbard or his works from around the world which may be of interest to journalists.
<http://mediaresources.lronhubbard.org/>
"L. Ron Hubbard Site"
The Church of Scientology has constructed this site to give information about L. Ron Hubbard and Scientology, the religion he founded.
<http:// www.lronhubbard.org/>
"L. Ron Hubbard: The Founder of Scientology"
This church-sponsored website gives information about Hubbard, the founder of Scientology, and his accomplishments and writings during his lifetime.
<http:// www.aboutlronhubbard.org/>
"Scientology"
This church-sponsored site answers questions about the religion and its members. In it, leading scholars provide diverse and insightful perspectives into Scientology, resulting in a unique and comprehensive overview of the religion.
<http:// www.bonafidescientology.org/>
"Scientology Auditing"
This site is sponsored by the Church of Scientology and gives information about Scientology in general, and specifically about auditing.
<http:// www.auditing.org/>
"Scientology Handbook"
Another official site of the church, this site offers the online version of the handbook about Scientology, as well as other self-help ideas and answers to general Scientology questions.
<http://www.scientologyhandbook.org/>
"Scientology Missions International"
This official Scientology website offers basic dianetics and Scientology services.
<http:// www.smi.org/>
"Scientology Official Homepage"
Another official website of the Church of Scientology.
<http:// www.scientology.org/>
"Scientology Press Office"
Sponsored by the church, this site gives information about issues the Church of Scientology International supports, activities it sponsors, and Scientology spokespersons.
<http:// www.scientologytoday.org/>
"Scientology Volunteer Ministers"
This is a church-sponsored website which gives information about volunteer services. There is also a locator to find a Scientology Volunteer Minister.
<http:// www.volunteerministers.org/>
"The President of the Church of Scientology Answers Your Questions"
As another church sponsored website, this site gives general information about Scientology and has many interactive opportunities.
<http:// faq.scientology.org/>
"Those Who Oppose Scientology"
This website, sponsored by the Church of Scientology, explains the issues over which many people disagree with them.
<http:// opposing.scientology.org/>

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Individual articles posted by members of Scientology or local organizations of Scientology

"Citizens Commission on Human Rights"
This site contains articles by L. Ron Hubbard and is against psychiatry, which is an enemy of Scientology.
<http:// www.cchr.org/>
"Friends of Narconon"
This site tells how L. Ron Hubbards program and book can help solve the drug problem.
<http:// www.friendsofnarconon.org/ index.html>
"Leisa Goodman's Homepage"
Leisa Goodman is the Director of Media Relations for the Church of Scientology International in Los Angeles, CA. Her web site highlights Church publications and Scientology's Freedom magazine. There is no information on Scientology's doctrines but there is a link to the home page.
<http:// www.theta.com/ goodman>
"New Era Dianetics"
Changes by L. Ron Hubbard to his original Dianetics doctrine prompted the rise of New Era Dianetics. This site devotes time to explaining these "expanded Dianetics," focusing on auditing and attaining the state of Clear. One can access the Dianetics home page and other related sites.
<http:// www.neweradianetics.org.uk>
"PURIFICATION Body Detoxification Program"
Scientologists advocate lifestyles free from all types of drugs. The Church administers a program, Narconon, which helps drug addicts overcome their habit. Narconon is church-affiliated but also helps people from outside the church. This site focuses on Narconon, along with articles promoting the benefits of a drug-free lifestyle.
<http:// mobileminister.com/ purif>
"Reducing Crime Through Criminon"
This site tells how crime can be fought using the discoveries made by L. Ron Hubbard.
<http:// www.criminon.org/>
"Scientology Codes and Creeds"
Taken from "What is Scientology?" an official publication of the Church, the information on this web site provides answers to frequently asked questions about the beliefs of Scientology. The codes and creeds of Scientology are presented.
<http:// www.lib.ox.ac.uk/ internet/ news/ faq/ archive/ scientology.users.codes_and_creeds.html>
"Scientology Members Online"
In March of 1998, members of the Church of Scientology were encouraged to create individual web sites, complete with a major emphasis on their success with the Church. Over 15,000 Scientologists have uploaded web sites onto the Internet. The sites give personal information about the member and his/her favorite links to other Scientology-related web sites.
<http:// on-line.scientology.org>
"Scientology Parishioners League"
This website was put together by a group of Scientologists who joined together to publish and provide the truth about the Scientology religion to the media and society.
<http:// www.scnpl.org/>
"World Institute of Scientology Enterprises"
This website discusses how the ideas set forth by Scientology can help a person succeed in the business world and can make the world a better place with the ethics Scientology proposes.
<http:// www.wise.org/ index.htm>

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Popular Primary Sources by Ex-Members of Scientology or Family Members of Scientology Members

Anti-cult websites by ex-members of Scientology or their family members

"Examining the Church of Scientology: Apologetics Index"
This website analyzes Scientology and other cults from an Evangelistic Christian prospective.
<http:// www.gospelcom.net/ apologeticsindex/ s04.html>
"Hollywood, Satanism, Scientology and Suicide"
This website gives information and reveals truth about the destructiveness of Scientology.
<http:// www.xs4all.nl/ ~fishman/ fable.htm>
"Lisa McPherson Memorial Page, by Jeff Jacobsen"
This page is about Lisa McPherson and her untimely death which seems to be a result of her involvement in Scientology. It gives information about why Scientology is dangerous to everyone and what is being done to stop the cult.
<http:// www.lisamcpherson.org/>
"Scientology Lies, by Kristi Wachter"
This site contains information about court rulings concerning Scientology, the lies the church tells to its members, and other facts against Scientology.
<http:// www.scientology-lies.com/>
"The Truth About Scientology, by Kristi Wachter"
This critical site is intended for members of Scientology or anyone interested in the claims made by Scientology.
<http:// www.truthaboutscientology.com/>
"The Web Page of Total Freedom"
Written under anonymity, the author of this site, an auditor in the church, agrees with some aspects of Scientology but focuses more on what he disagrees with primarily the Religious Technology Center. However, one must move deeper into the site to see the author's dislikes because the page begins with definitions of Scientology terms and appears to be a scholarly site.
<http:// www.igs.net/ ~michaelv/ scnreform.htm>

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Popular Anti-Cult Secondary Sources by Non-Members of Scientology

Websites and individual articles posted by other anti-cult observers (who are neither members of Scientology nor anti-cult conservative Christians, e.g. skeptics)

"An Introduction to Scientology"
This website gives an overview of Scientology, including dianetics and Ron L. Hubbard [sic], from a critical perspective.
<http:// www.modemac.com/ cos/>
"ARS Website Summary"
This page is an attempt at assembling the most comprehensive list of scientology related material that exists on the web. This page is to be an introductory guide for newcomers as well as a useful tool for critics and researchers.
<http:// www.altreligionscientology.org/>
"Critical Information about Scientology"
Jeff Jacobson, a critic of the Church of Scientology, gives personal experiences with Scientologists and research he has conducted on the group. He offers a copy of the text of his book on Hubbard's discoveries. There are also links to various Scientology-related web pages, particularly to those pertaining to the conflicts in which Scientology has been engaged in recent years.
<http:// www.primenet.com/ ~cultxpt/ cos.htm>
"Exposing the Con"
This site has many articles and facts posted that discredit Scientologys claims.
<http:// www.lermanet.com/ index.html>
"Extracts and Analysis of Scientology Scriptures"
The title of this site sums up what it offers viewers. Specifically, there are excerpts from lectures and writings of L. Ron Hubbard and an interesting extract from the Church's official publication What is Scientology?, complete with comments in parentheses claiming lies present in the text.
<http:// starbase.neosoft.com/ ~dcs/ posts/ pulpindx.html>
"Fact Net"
This is a non-profit organizations website which aims to give information about cults and fight against their influence. It has several pages that concern Scientology, and contains some articles about the church.
<http:// www.factnet.org/ Scientology/ settle.html>
"German Scientology News"
The heated debate over Scientology in Germany is the main topic of this web site maintained by an individual not affiliated with any other Scientology organization. There are documents translated from German into English. The point of this web site is to offer information about Scientology's presence in Germany and give the details without fear of being sued.
<http:// www.cisar.org>
"Karin Spaink's Homepage"
Karin Spaink, the creator of this web page, is one of the persons sued by the Church of Scientology for copyright infringement.
<http:// www.xs4all.nl/ ~kspaink>
"Narconon Exposed"
This site discusses Narconon and its use as a cover-up for Scientology. It gives information about the Narconon program and its relation to the religion.
<http:// www-2.cs.cmu.edu/ ~dst/ Narconon/>
"Operation Clambake, by Andreas Heldal-Lund"
Includes many anti-Scientology statements and information about the controversies surrounding them. The owner of this site was under legal attack by the Church of Scientology for having this site.
<http:// www.xenu.net/>
"Scientology Audited, by Chris Owen"
This website has a collection of official Scientology documents and critical essays on Scientology.
<http:// www.demon.co.uk/ castle/ audit/ index.html>
[also at <http:// solitarytrees.net/ cowen/ audit/ ofpapers.html< -ed.K]
"Scientology: Cult of Greed and Power"
The greed present in the Church of Scientology is the focus of this web page. There are links to other anti-Scientology sites listed here and stories from ex-Scientologists. There are books archived on this site that the Church has tried to ban from publication. This site is consistently under construction so it changes frequently.
<http:// www.entheta.net>
"Scientology Watch"
This website posts many articles that are about Scientology. The authors of the site are critical of Scientology, so the articles posted are not from a pro-Scientology perspective. The immediate goal of this site is to present Scientology news, and encourage questions and comments on the stories that are included.
<http:// scientologywatch.org/ postnuke/ index.php>
"The Church of Scientologys Supremacy Over the Search Term Scientology on Google"
This website gives an overview of how Scientology has sued and dominated the search engine Google through a court case and other means.
<http:// www.operatingthetan.com/ google/>
"The Church of Scientology Vs. the Net, by Ron Newman"
This page was created to document the numerous acts the Church of Scientology has committed against free speech on the Net.
<http:// www2.thecia.net/ users/ rnewman/ scientology/ home.html>
[also at <http:// solitarytrees.net/ rnewman/ index.htm> -ed.K]
"The Internal Revenue Service Guide to Scientology"
This site is not affiliated with the government or the Church of Scientology [info], but it gives information about the tax status of Scientology organizations in comparison with similar organizations.
<http:// parishioner.org/ irs/>
"The Secrets of Scientology, by Dave Touretzky"
This website of a computer science professor at Carnegie Mellon University contains links to other popular (anti-cult) secondary sources on Scientology that are written by critics of Scientology.
<http:// www-2.cs.cmu.edu/ ~dst/>

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Popular Secondary Sources About Scientology

Individual articles posted by newspapers, magazines, etc. that are written by someone other than a member of Scientology, ex-member of Scientology, conservative Christian, or skeptic.

"Dianetics"
This is a mostly commercial website, which gives information about dianetics technology, as well as information about the developer of the technology, L. Ron Hubbard. Hubbard is also the founder of the Church of Scientology.
<http:// www.dianetics.org/ dnhome.html>
"Inside the Church of Scientology"
Inside the Church of Scientology is a five part Boston Herald investigative report. While the series contains a lot of information, much of the interpretation of the information draws from the perspective of some of the nastiest of Scientology critics.
<http:// www.bostonherald.com/ scientology/>
"Intolerance Online: What is Scientology?"
This site is pro-Scientology, but does not give the name of its author or site master. It contains information about Scientology and dianetics and has several of its documents (scriptures) available online.
<http:// www.theta.btinternet.co.uk/ scn.htm>
"Scientology"
This website is created by SelectSmart.com. This website quizzes the user his or her values and beliefs. After the quiz, the site gives the user his or her best religious match. This particular link is what is presented to a user whose best religious match is Scientology.
<http:// selectsmart.com/ RELIGION/ Sc.html>
"The Ross Institute for the Study of Destructive Cults, Controversial Groups and Movements"
This site features a discussion of the harmful nature of Scientology by a non-profit organization (the Rick Ross Institute) that provides information about destructive cults.
<http:// www.rickross.com/>
"The Scientology Story (Los Angles Times series)"
Between June 24-29, 1990, the Los Angeles Times printed a six-part series on the Church of Scientology. Its authors, Joel Sappell and Robert W. Welkos, explored the founding of the Church, L. Ron Hubbard, and Scientology's present-day battles with outsiders. Each day a new topic was addressed and there are individual links to each day's story.
<http:// www.cs.cmu.edu/ ~dst/ Library/ Shelf/ la90/ la90-0.html>
[also at <http:// solitarytrees.net/ pubs/ latimes/ index.htm> -ed.K]

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Scholarly Secondary Sources

Websites about Scientology by scholars of religion

"Center for Studies on New Religions"
This site gives information about many cults and religions, among them Scientology.
<http:// www.cesnur.org/>
"GTU Library"
This site has links to many sources about cults and new religious movements.
<http:// www.gtu.edu/ library/ links/religion.html#link2>
"Religious Movements Homepage: The Church of Scientology"
This site is by the University of Virginia. It includes the history of the religion, its beliefs and practices, and other information.
<http:// religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/ nrms/ scientology.html>
"Scientology"
This site is by the Ontario Consultants of Religious Tolerance [info]. They have information about many religions and cults. This page contains the beliefs, practices, and other information about the Church of Scientology.
<http:// www.religioustolerance.org/ scientol.htm>
"Watchman Fellowship"
This site contains many articles about Scientology, as well as other religions and cults.
<http:// www.watchman.org/ sci/ index.htm>